Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2020-04-17 18:43:02 UTC
Updated at2020-12-07 19:11:06 UTC
CannabisDB IDCDB004848
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Cannabis Compound Identification
Common NameL-Cysteine
DescriptionL-Cysteine, also known as C or e 920, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cysteine and derivatives. Cysteine and derivatives are compounds containing cysteine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of cysteine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom. L-Cysteine is a drug which is used for the prevention of liver damage and kidney damage associated with overdoses of acetaminophen. L-Cysteine is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). L-Cysteine exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, L-cysteine participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, L-cysteine can be converted into 3-sulfinoalanine; which is mediated by the enzyme cysteine dioxygenase type 1. In addition, L-cysteine can be converted into hydrogen sulfide and pyruvic acid through the action of the enzyme cystathionine gamma-lyase. In humans, L-cysteine is involved in cysteine metabolism. L-Cysteine is a sulfury tasting compound. Outside of the human body, L-Cysteine is found, on average, in the highest concentration within a few different foods, such as sunflowers, soy beans, and watermelons and in a lower concentration in common wheats, dates, and beers. L-Cysteine has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as oyster mushrooms, salmonberries, rapes, safflowers, and cupuaçus. This could make L-cysteine a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. L-Cysteine is a potentially toxic compound. An optically active form of cysteine having L-configuration. L-Cysteine is expected to be in Cannabis as all living plants are known to produce and metabolize it.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2R)-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acidChEBI
(2R)-2-Amino-3-sulfanylpropanoic acidChEBI
(R)-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acidChEBI
CChEBI
CysChEBI
CYSTEINEChEBI
e 920ChEBI
e-920ChEBI
e920ChEBI
FREE cysteineChEBI
L-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropionic acidChEBI
L-CysteinChEBI
L-ZysteinChEBI
EcolanKegg
(2R)-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoateGenerator
(2R)-2-Amino-3-sulfanylpropanoateGenerator
(2R)-2-Amino-3-sulphanylpropanoateGenerator
(2R)-2-Amino-3-sulphanylpropanoic acidGenerator
(R)-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoateGenerator
L-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropionateGenerator
(+)-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropionic acidHMDB
(R)-(+)-CysteineHMDB
(R)-2-Amino-3-mercapto-propanoateHMDB
(R)-2-Amino-3-mercapto-propanoic acidHMDB
(R)-CysteineHMDB
2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoateHMDB
2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acidHMDB
2-Amino-3-mercaptopropionateHMDB
2-Amino-3-mercaptopropionic acidHMDB
3-Mercapto-L-alanineHMDB
AcetylcysteineHMDB
alpha-Amino-beta-thiolpropionic acidHMDB
b-MercaptoalanineHMDB
beta-MercaptoalanineHMDB
CarbocysteineHMDB
CisteinaHMDB
CisteinumHMDB
CysteinHMDB
CysteinumHMDB
Half-cystineHMDB
L CysteineHMDB
L-(+)-CysteineHMDB
L-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoateHMDB
L-2-Amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acidHMDB
PolycysteineHMDB
ThioserineHMDB
Cysteine hydrochlorideHMDB
Zinc cysteinateHMDB
Half cystineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H7NO2S
Average Molecular Weight121.16
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight121.0197
IUPAC Name(2R)-2-amino-3-sulfanylpropanoic acid
Traditional NameL-cysteine
CAS Registry Number52-90-4
SMILES
N[C@@H](CS)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H7NO2S/c4-2(1-7)3(5)6/h2,7H,1,4H2,(H,5,6)/t2-/m0/s1
InChI KeyXUJNEKJLAYXESH-REOHCLBHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cysteine and derivatives. Cysteine and derivatives are compounds containing cysteine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of cysteine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentCysteine and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cysteine or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Amino acid
  • Alkylthiol
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point220 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility277 mg/mL at 25 °CBEILSTEIN
logP-2.49HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-2.8ChemAxon
logS-0.72ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.35ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.05ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area63.32 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity28.22 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.41 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSL-Cysteine, 4 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0950000000-df7e91c95b610ff21c79Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, 4 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0940000000-aefe34765fb447090a23Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, 4 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0970000000-10a155c40ea499023052Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0940000000-037a3a34651c3154b3b3Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, 4 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00di-9850000000-118c43e33861a6baa8d2Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-014j-0690100000-0aeb88fd507505e6b718Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0950000000-df7e91c95b610ff21c79Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0940000000-aefe34765fb447090a23Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0970000000-10a155c40ea499023052Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00kb-0940000000-037a3a34651c3154b3b3Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0uk9-5619100000-8cb2558373966174ced3Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00di-9850000000-118c43e33861a6baa8d2Spectrum
GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0gi0-0960000000-03b2097de6f9637d29cbSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSL-Cysteine, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004l-9100000000-4553906a941a5e87ec97Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSL-Cysteine, 1 TMS, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004i-9200000000-cfaf705cd0452d428454Spectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00b9-9600000000-374c5872d68662832769Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-ddbd3df6b8dbb280ffbaSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-320a2c77443b80ebf733Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0089-0900000000-9dcd3d757c5cd11eb18eSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-3900000000-212e081fe83ad70de0adSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-2eb01f41c225f614db24Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-a19834eb7cb9f211fdf2Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-2458f2587761e779ed93Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-77e590f0ed26f69b31c0Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-3900000000-7b1857997392b006b95fSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0a4i-3900000000-bc268c27ed5706a4bbd2Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - CE-ESI-TOF (CE-system connected to 6210 Time-of-Flight MS, Agilent) , Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-4573390bccc238e3c91bSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-0udi-3900000000-212e081fe83ad70de0adSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-0udi-3900000000-7b1857997392b006b95fSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - QqQ 14V, negativesplash10-001i-9000000000-5dc69d3b59bd15290aefSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00b9-9600000000-4352a7b437c34c04d9f0Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004i-9200000000-7b4cd034c717561c61ddSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-8f351cbca6ffed356a9bSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00di-6900000000-51ba0df80cc33423420bSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0079-9400000000-4aa2b707c391d5838d29Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-001i-9000000000-95c7672c7836c0fc51c9Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
Pathways
Pathways
Protein Targets
Enzymes
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmicGOT110q24.1-q25.1P17174 details
Aspartate aminotransferase, mitochondrialGOT216q21P00505 details
Aminopeptidase NANPEPP15144 details
Glutamate--cysteine ligase catalytic subunitGCLC6p12P48506 details
Glutamate--cysteine ligase regulatory subunitGCLM1p22.1P48507 details
Cystathionine gamma-lyaseCTH1p31.1P32929 details
Glutaminyl-peptide cyclotransferaseQPCT2p22.2Q16769 details
Cystathionine beta-synthaseCBS21q22.3P35520 details
Glutathione synthetaseGSS20q11.2P48637 details
Cytosol aminopeptidaseLAP3P28838 details
Cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylaseCSAD12q13.11-q14.3Q9Y600 details
Cysteine dioxygenase type 1CDO15q23.2Q16878 details
Methylated-DNA--protein-cysteine methyltransferaseMGMT10q26P16455 details
Cysteine desulfurase, mitochondrialNFS120q11.22Q9Y697 details
Phosphopantothenate--cysteine ligasePPCS1p34.2Q9HAB8 details
Thiamine transporter 2SLC19A32q37Q9BZV2 details
Probable cysteine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialCARS213q34Q9HA77 details
Prenylcysteine oxidase 1PCYOX12p13.3Q9UHG3 details
Molybdenum cofactor sulfuraseMOCOS18q12Q96EN8 details
Cysteine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicCARS11p15.5P49589 details
Gamma-glutamylcyclotransferaseGGCT7p15-p14O75223 details
Cysteine dioxygenaseCDO-1Q16857 details
Transporters
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Large neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 2SLC7A814q11.2Q9UHI5 details
Thiamine transporter 2SLC19A32q37Q9BZV2 details
Monocarboxylate transporter 10SLC16A106q21-q22Q8TF71 details
Metal Bindings
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Aminopeptidase NANPEPP15144 details
Glutaminyl-peptide cyclotransferaseQPCT2p22.2Q16769 details
Cystathionine beta-synthaseCBS21q22.3P35520 details
Cytosol aminopeptidaseLAP3P28838 details
Cysteine dioxygenase type 1CDO15q23.2Q16878 details
Probable cysteine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialCARS213q34Q9HA77 details
Molybdenum cofactor sulfuraseMOCOS18q12Q96EN8 details
Cysteine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicCARS11p15.5P49589 details
Cysteine dioxygenaseCDO-1Q16857 details
Receptors
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Aminopeptidase NANPEPP15144 details
Transcriptional Factors
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Glutamate--cysteine ligase catalytic subunitGCLC6p12P48506 details
Cystathionine gamma-lyaseCTH1p31.1P32929 details
Concentrations Data
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000574
DrugBank IDDB00151
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012678
KNApSAcK IDC00001351
Chemspider ID5653
KEGG Compound IDC00097
BioCyc IDCYS
BiGG ID33843
Wikipedia LinkCysteine
METLIN ID5556
PubChem Compound5862
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17561
References
General ReferencesNot Available

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 37 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GOT1
Uniprot ID:
P17174
Molecular weight:
46247.14
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the irreversible transamination of the L-tryptophan metabolite L-kynurenine to form kynurenic acid (KA). Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism. Important for metabolite exchange between mitochondria and cytosol. Facilitates cellular uptake of long-chain free fatty acids.
Gene Name:
GOT2
Uniprot ID:
P00505
Molecular weight:
47517.285
General function:
Involved in proteolysis
Specific function:
Broad specificity aminopeptidase. Plays a role in the final digestion of peptides generated from hydrolysis of proteins by gastric and pancreatic proteases. May play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstone disease. May be involved in the metabolism of regulatory peptides of diverse cell types, responsible for the processing of peptide hormones, such as angiotensin III and IV, neuropeptides, and chemokines. Found to cleave antigen peptides bound to major histocompatibility complex class II molecules of presenting cells and to degrade neurotransmitters at synaptic junctions. Is also implicated as a regulator of IL-8 bioavailability in the endometrium, and therefore may contribute to the regulation of angiogenesis. Is used as a marker for acute myeloid leukemia and plays a role in tumor invasion. In case of human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) infection, serves as receptor for HCoV-229E spike glycoprotein. Mediates as well human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection.
Gene Name:
ANPEP
Uniprot ID:
P15144
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in glutamate-cysteine ligase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GCLC
Uniprot ID:
P48506
Molecular weight:
68629.42
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GCLM
Uniprot ID:
P48507
Molecular weight:
30726.7
General function:
Involved in pyridoxal phosphate binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the last step in the trans-sulfuration pathway from methionine to cysteine. Has broad substrate specificity. Converts cystathionine to cysteine, ammonia and 2-oxobutanoate. Converts two cysteine molecules to lanthionine and hydrogen sulfide. Can also accept homocysteine as substrate. Specificity depends on the levels of the endogenous substrates. Generates the endogenous signaling molecule hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and so contributes to the regulation of blood pressure. Acts as a cysteine-protein sulfhydrase by mediating sulfhydration of target proteins: sulfhydration consists of converting -SH groups into -SSH on specific cysteine residues of target proteins such as GAPDH, PTPN1 and NF-kappa-B subunit RELA, thereby regulating their function.
Gene Name:
CTH
Uniprot ID:
P32929
Molecular weight:
41259.91
General function:
Involved in peptidase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the biosynthesis of pyroglutamyl peptides. Has a bias against acidic and tryptophan residues adjacent to the N-terminal glutaminyl residue and a lack of importance of chain length after the second residue. Also catalyzes N-terminal pyroglutamate formation. In vitro, catalyzes pyroglutamate formation of N-terminally truncated form of APP amyloid-beta peptides [Glu-3]-beta-amyloid. May be involved in the N-terminal pyroglutamate formation of several amyloid-related plaque-forming peptides.
Gene Name:
QPCT
Uniprot ID:
Q16769
Molecular weight:
40876.14
General function:
Involved in cysteine biosynthetic process from serine
Specific function:
Only known pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme that contains heme. Important regulator of hydrogen sulfide, especially in the brain, utilizing cysteine instead of serine to catalyze the formation of hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is a gastratransmitter with signaling and cytoprotective effects such as acting as a neuromodulator in the brain to protect neurons against hypoxic injury (By similarity).
Gene Name:
CBS
Uniprot ID:
P35520
Molecular weight:
60586.05
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GSS
Uniprot ID:
P48637
Molecular weight:
52384.325
General function:
Involved in aminopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Presumably involved in the processing and regular turnover of intracellular proteins. Catalyzes the removal of unsubstituted N-terminal amino acids from various peptides.
Gene Name:
LAP3
Uniprot ID:
P28838
Molecular weight:
Not Available

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transport
Specific function:
Sodium-independent, high-affinity transport of small and large neutral amino acids such as alanine, serine, threonine, cysteine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, leucine, arginine and tryptophan, when associated with SLC3A2/4F2hc. Acts as an amino acid exchanger. Has higher affinity for L-phenylalanine than LAT1 but lower affinity for glutamine and serine. L-alanine is transported at physiological concentrations. Plays a role in basolateral (re)absorption of neutral amino acids. Involved in the uptake of methylmercury (MeHg) when administered as the L-cysteine or D,L-homocysteine complexes, and hence plays a role in metal ion homeostasis and toxicity. Involved in the cellular activity of small molecular weight nitrosothiols, via the stereoselective transport of L-nitrosocysteine (L-CNSO) across the transmembrane. Plays an essential role in the reabsorption of neutral amino acids from the epithelial cells to the bloodstream in the kidney
Gene Name:
SLC7A8
Uniprot ID:
Q9UHI5
Molecular weight:
58381.1
General function:
Involved in folic acid binding
Specific function:
Mediates high affinity thiamine uptake, propably via a proton anti-port mechanism. Has no folate transport activity.
Gene Name:
SLC19A3
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZV2
Molecular weight:
55664.265
General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Sodium-independent transporter that mediates the update of aromatic acid. Can function as a net efflux pathway for aromatic amino acids in the basosolateral epithelial cells
Gene Name:
SLC16A10
Uniprot ID:
Q8TF71
Molecular weight:
55492.1

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 37 proteins in total.