Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2020-03-19 00:26:05 UTC
Updated at2020-12-07 19:07:17 UTC
CannabisDB IDCDB000235
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Cannabis Compound Identification
Common NameAspartic acid
DescriptionAspartic acid (Asp, D), also known as aspartate, the name of its anion, is one of the 20 natural proteinogenic amino acids which are the building blocks of proteins. As such, it is also present in Cannabis sativa (PMID: 6991645 ). As its name indicates, aspartic acid is the carboxylic acid analog of asparagine. As a neurotransmitter, aspartic acid may provide resistance to fatigue and thus lead to endurance, although the evidence to support this idea is not strong. Aspartic acid is a nonessential amino acid, since it can be made from glutamic acid by enzymes using vitamin B6. The amino acid has important roles in the urea cycle and DNA metabolism. Aspartic acid is a major excitatory neurotransmitter, which is sometimes found to be increased in epileptic and stroke patients. It is decreased in depressed patients and in patients with brain atrophy. Aspartic acid supplements are being evaluated. Five grams can raise blood levels. Magnesium and zinc may be natural inhibitors of some of the actions of aspartic acid. Aspartic acid, with the amino acid phenylalanine, is a part of the natural sweetener, aspartame. This sweetener is an advance in artificial sweeteners and is probably safe in normal doses to all except phenylketonurics. The jury is still out on the long-term effects it has on many brain neurohormones. Aspartic acid may be a significant immunostimulant of the thymus and can protect against some of the damaging effects of radiation. Many claims have been made for the special value of administering aspartic acid in the form of potassium and magnesium salts. Since aspartic acid is relatively nontoxic, studies are now in progress to elucidate its pharmacological and therapeutic roles.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-2-Aminobutanedioic acidChEBI
(S)-2-Aminosuccinic acidChEBI
2-Aminosuccinic acidChEBI
AspChEBI
ASPARTIC ACIDChEBI
DChEBI
L-AsparaginsaeureChEBI
L-AspKegg
(S)-2-AminobutanedioateGenerator
(S)-2-AminosuccinateGenerator
2-AminosuccinateGenerator
ASPARTateGenerator
L-AspartateGenerator
(+)-AspartateHMDB
(+)-Aspartic acidHMDB
(2S)-AspartateHMDB
(2S)-Aspartic acidHMDB
(L)-AspartateHMDB
(L)-Aspartic acidHMDB
(R)-2-AminosuccinateHMDB
(S)-(+)-AspartateHMDB
(S)-(+)-Aspartic acidHMDB
(S)-Amino-butanedioateHMDB
(S)-Amino-butanedioic acidHMDB
(S)-AminobutanedioateHMDB
(S)-Aminobutanedioic acidHMDB
(S)-AspartateHMDB
(S)-Aspartic acidHMDB
2-Amino-3-methylsuccinateHMDB
2-Amino-3-methylsuccinic acidHMDB
alpha-AminosuccinateHMDB
alpha-Aminosuccinic acidHMDB
AminosuccinateHMDB
AsparagateHMDB
Asparagic acidHMDB
AsparaginateHMDB
Asparaginic acidHMDB
AsparatateHMDB
H-Asp-OHHMDB
L-(+)-AspartateHMDB
L-(+)-Aspartic acidHMDB
L-AminosuccinateHMDB
L-Aminosuccinic acidHMDB
L-AsparagateHMDB
L-Asparagic acidHMDB
L-AsparaginateHMDB
L-Asparaginic acidHMDB
(+-)-Aspartic acidHMDB
(R,S)-Aspartic acidHMDB
Aspartate, disodiumHMDB
Aspartate, magnesiumHMDB
Aspartate, monopotassiumHMDB
Aspartic acid, dipotassium saltHMDB
Aspartic acid, hydrobromideHMDB
Aspartic acid, monopotassium saltHMDB
Aspartic acid, monosodium saltHMDB
Aspartic acid, potassium saltHMDB
L AspartateHMDB
MG5LongoralHMDB
Potassium aspartateHMDB
PolysuccinimideHMDB
Ammonium aspartateHMDB
Aspartate, ammoniumHMDB
Aspartate, calciumHMDB
Aspartate, monosodiumHMDB
Aspartic acid, calcium saltHMDB
Aspartic acid, disodium saltHMDB
Aspartic acid, magnesium (1:1) salt, hydrochloride, trihydrateHMDB
Dipotassium aspartateHMDB
Disodium aspartateHMDB
Hydrochloride, aspartate magnesiumHMDB
Monopotassium aspartateHMDB
Sodium aspartateHMDB
Aspartate, dipotassiumHMDB
Aspartic acid, magnesium (2:1) saltHMDB
Aspartic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Hydrobromide aspartic acidHMDB
Magnesium aspartateHMDB
MG 5 LongoralHMDB
Monosodium aspartateHMDB
Aspartate magnesium hydrochlorideHMDB
Aspartate, potassiumHMDB
Aspartate, sodiumHMDB
Aspartic acid, ammonium saltHMDB
Aspartic acid, hydrochlorideHMDB
Aspartic acid, magnesium-potassium (2:1:2) saltHMDB
Calcium aspartateHMDB
Hydrochloride aspartic acidHMDB
L Aspartic acidHMDB
MagnesiocardHMDB
MG-5-LongoralHMDB
Poly-DL-succinimideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC4H7NO4
Average Molecular Weight133.1
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight133.0375
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-aminobutanedioic acid
Traditional NameL-aspartic acid
CAS Registry Number56-84-8
SMILES
N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H7NO4/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2H,1,5H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1
InChI KeyCKLJMWTZIZZHCS-REOHCLBHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aspartic acid and derivatives. Aspartic acid and derivatives are compounds containing an aspartic acid or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of aspartic acid at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAspartic acid and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Aspartic acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point270 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility5.39 mg/mLYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
logP-3.89CHMELIK,J ET AL. (1991)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-3.5ALOGPS
logP-3.5ChemAxon
logS0.03ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.7ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.61ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area100.62 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity26.53 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.28 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSAspartic acid, 3 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0960000000-5a6a6cb21e9fc0875f84Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, 3 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-51399a8446c394459765Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, 3 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-f07e7f52b3c31fd119f5Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, 3 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-9e175dfa17a8b17a72d2Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-f4475587d5a3b20bfc58Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, 3 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00di-9430000000-0cac9a97e698db1672b5Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, 2 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-03yi-1900000000-ea61b8526ee02ae79b66Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, 3 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-1890000000-7da576c8129142b71a1bSpectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, 4 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0pb9-0981000000-ad23d55e348f55115f00Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-001i-0590000000-13cc5a7841854e97f68bSpectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0960000000-5a6a6cb21e9fc0875f84Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-51399a8446c394459765Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-f07e7f52b3c31fd119f5Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-9e175dfa17a8b17a72d2Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-0950000000-f4475587d5a3b20bfc58Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0g4i-6946100000-0ae49e3be0f2f1f92065Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00di-9430000000-0cac9a97e698db1672b5Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-03yi-1900000000-ea61b8526ee02ae79b66Spectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0f89-1890000000-7da576c8129142b71a1bSpectrum
GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0pb9-0981000000-ad23d55e348f55115f00Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSAspartic acid, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000f-9100000000-b7db3377089f4c95001bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSAspartic acid, 2 TMS, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01w4-9610000000-0f1463c6395830708e12Spectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0079-9300000000-92f9914d94078d96f5cfSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-9000000000-c467d10f2b7e21ed1734Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00dl-9000000000-87f0c58226f5a2f3ac8aSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-fde7ef1951fddff4b817Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0uk9-8900000000-2d7e5609618437e59272Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-4b43567f4a446aed0828Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-4900000000-45382d9abd25be948e5bSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-3f39a9b758e282358ac0Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-3900000000-44d361ad09ff9a30dd14Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-18e1dba62e6b803e17b8Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0930000000-d97f9518a2d516d830c5Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-02ai-0962100000-909bb894b2c1318afee4Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-f2059dd438fcf62f62e1Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03dr-7900000000-8b7b89ed34530e331024Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-014i-0190000000-58a78949f4b93de22aabSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001i-0921000000-214b6b969fdc4216ca71Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03dr-6900000000-4918748927dd097d2879Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001i-0900000000-88dc2f1093f261e76201Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0290000000-a8856f56645a2961baacSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-0900000000-8cf9870557ca9adc3374Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-9400000000-81b2804a712625a2d9c4Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-9bf77ba12ad952f84ac0Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-e08bfb96c5fd8c9b9db7Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-876e30f6c9ed061091feSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-00dl-9000000000-6c0d44d4e3853e5701a3Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
Pathways
Pathways
Protein Targets
Enzymes
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmicGOT110q24.1-q25.1P17174 details
Aspartate aminotransferase, mitochondrialGOT216q21P00505 details
Ribonuclease pancreaticRNASE114q11.2P07998 details
Aminoacylase-1ACY13p21.1Q03154 details
AspartoacylaseASPA17p13.3P45381 details
Aspartoacylase-2ACY3Q96HD9 details
Asparagine synthetase [glutamine-hydrolyzing]ASNS7q21.3P08243 details
Aspartate--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicDARS2q21.3P14868 details
Argininosuccinate synthaseASS19q34.1P00966 details
Glutamate dehydrogenase 1, mitochondrialGLUD110q23.3P00367 details
Glutamate decarboxylase 2GAD210p11.23Q05329 details
Glutamate decarboxylase 1GAD12q31Q99259 details
Adenylosuccinate synthetase isozyme 2ADSS1q44P30520 details
Adenylosuccinate synthetase isozyme 1ADSSL114q32.33Q8N142 details
Multifunctional protein ADE2PAICS4q12P22234 details
N(4)-(beta-N-acetylglucosaminyl)-L-asparaginaseAGA4q34.3P20933 details
Aspartyl/asparaginyl beta-hydroxylaseASPH8q12.1Q12797 details
Lysozyme CLYZ12q15P61626 details
Isoaspartyl peptidase/L-asparaginaseASRGL111q12.3Q7L266 details
60 kDa lysophospholipaseASPG14q32.33Q86U10 details
L-amino-acid oxidaseIL4I119q13.3-q13.4Q96RQ9 details
Putative L-aspartate dehydrogenaseASPDH19q13.33A6ND91 details
Putative aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmic 2GOT1L18p11.23Q8NHS2 details
Aspartate aminotransferaseGIG18Q2TU84 details
Aspartate--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialDARS21q25.1Q6PI48 details
N-acetylaspartate synthetaseNAT8L4p16.3Q8N9F0 details
Transporters
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Calcium-binding mitochondrial carrier protein Aralar2SLC25A137q21.3Q9UJS0 details
Excitatory amino acid transporter 3SLC1A19p24P43005 details
Calcium-binding mitochondrial carrier protein Aralar1SLC25A122q24O75746 details
Monocarboxylate transporter 10SLC16A106q21-q22Q8TF71 details
Metal Bindings
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Aminoacylase-1ACY13p21.1Q03154 details
AspartoacylaseASPA17p13.3P45381 details
Aspartoacylase-2ACY3Q96HD9 details
Adenylosuccinate synthetase isozyme 2ADSS1q44P30520 details
Adenylosuccinate synthetase isozyme 1ADSSL114q32.33Q8N142 details
Calcium-binding mitochondrial carrier protein Aralar2SLC25A137q21.3Q9UJS0 details
Calcium-binding mitochondrial carrier protein Aralar1SLC25A122q24O75746 details
CAD proteinCAD2p22-p21P27708 details
ReceptorsNot Available
Transcriptional Factors
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
Aspartyl/asparaginyl beta-hydroxylaseASPH8q12.1Q12797 details
Concentrations Data
Cannabis CultivarStatusValueReferenceDetails
Alien DawgDetected and Quantified10.9 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
GabriolaDetected and Quantified9.6 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
Island HoneyDetected and Quantified6.21 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
QuadraDetected and Quantified2.93 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
Sensi StarDetected and Quantified12.1 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
Tangerine DreamDetected and Quantified5.07 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
HMDB IDHMDB0000191
DrugBank IDDB00128
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012567
KNApSAcK IDC00001342
Chemspider ID5745
KEGG Compound IDC00049
BioCyc IDL-ASPARTATE
BiGG ID33663
Wikipedia LinkAspartic acid
METLIN ID5206
PubChem Compound5960
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17053
References
General References
  1. Turner CE, Elsohly MA, Boeren EG: Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVII. A review of the natural constituents. J Nat Prod. 1980 Mar-Apr;43(2):169-234. doi: 10.1021/np50008a001. [PubMed:6991645 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 39 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GOT1
Uniprot ID:
P17174
Molecular weight:
46247.14
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the irreversible transamination of the L-tryptophan metabolite L-kynurenine to form kynurenic acid (KA). Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism. Important for metabolite exchange between mitochondria and cytosol. Facilitates cellular uptake of long-chain free fatty acids.
Gene Name:
GOT2
Uniprot ID:
P00505
Molecular weight:
47517.285
General function:
Involved in nucleic acid binding
Specific function:
Endonuclease that catalyzes the cleavage of RNA on the 3' side of pyrimidine nucleotides. Acts on single stranded and double stranded RNA
Gene Name:
RNASE1
Uniprot ID:
P07998
Molecular weight:
17644.1
General function:
Involved in metallopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Involved in the hydrolysis of N-acylated or N-acetylated amino acids (except L-aspartate).
Gene Name:
ACY1
Uniprot ID:
Q03154
Molecular weight:
45884.705
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds
Specific function:
Catalyzes the deacetylation of N-acetylaspartic acid (NAA) to produce acetate and L-aspartate. NAA occurs in high concentration in brain and its hydrolysis NAA plays a significant part in the maintenance of intact white matter. In other tissues it act as a scavenger of NAA from body fluids.
Gene Name:
ASPA
Uniprot ID:
P45381
Molecular weight:
35734.79
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds
Specific function:
Plays an important role in deacetylating mercapturic acids in kidney proximal tubules (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ACY3
Uniprot ID:
Q96HD9
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in asparagine synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ASNS
Uniprot ID:
P08243
Molecular weight:
62167.855
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the specific attachment of an amino acid to its cognate tRNA in a 2 step reaction: the amino acid (AA) is first activated by ATP to form AA-AMP and then transferred to the acceptor end of the tRNA.
Gene Name:
DARS
Uniprot ID:
P14868
Molecular weight:
57135.8
General function:
Involved in argininosuccinate synthase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ASS1
Uniprot ID:
P00966
Molecular weight:
46530.055
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
May be involved in learning and memory reactions by increasing the turnover of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GLUD1
Uniprot ID:
P00367
Molecular weight:
61397.315

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the calcium-dependent exchange of cytoplasmic glutamate with mitochondrial aspartate across the mitochondrial inner membrane. May have a function in the urea cycle.
Gene Name:
SLC25A13
Uniprot ID:
Q9UJS0
Molecular weight:
74303.085
General function:
Involved in sodium:dicarboxylate symporter activity
Specific function:
Transports L-glutamate and also L- and D-aspartate. Essential for terminating the postsynaptic action of glutamate by rapidly removing released glutamate from the synaptic cleft. Acts as a symport by cotransporting sodium. Negatively regulated by ARL6IP5
Gene Name:
SLC1A1
Uniprot ID:
P43005
Molecular weight:
57099.8
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the calcium-dependent exchange of cytoplasmic glutamate with mitochondrial aspartate across the mitochondrial inner membrane. May have a function in the urea cycle.
Gene Name:
SLC25A12
Uniprot ID:
O75746
Molecular weight:
74761.225
General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Sodium-independent transporter that mediates the update of aromatic acid. Can function as a net efflux pathway for aromatic amino acids in the basosolateral epithelial cells
Gene Name:
SLC16A10
Uniprot ID:
Q8TF71
Molecular weight:
55492.1

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 39 proteins in total.