Record Information
Version1.0
Created at2020-03-18 23:25:25 UTC
Updated at2020-11-18 16:34:47 UTC
CannabisDB IDCDB000117
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Cannabis Compound Identification
Common NameArginine
DescriptionArginine is an essential amino acid that is physiologically active in the L-form. In mammals, arginine is formally classified as a semi-essential or conditionally essential amino acid, depending on the developmental stage and health status of the individual. Infants are unable to effectively synthesize arginine, making it nutritionally essential for infants. Adults, however, are able to synthesize arginine in the urea cycle. Arginine can be considered to be a basic amino acid as the part of the side chain nearest to the backbone is long, carbon-containing, and hydrophobic, whereas the end of the side chain is a complex guanidinium group. With a pKa of 12.48, the guanidinium group is positively charged in neutral, acidic, and even most basic environments. Because of the conjugation between the double bond and the nitrogen lone pairs, the positive charge is delocalized. This group is able to form multiple H-bonds. L-Arginine is an amino acid that has numerous functions in the body. It helps dispose of ammonia, is used to make compounds such as nitric oxide, creatine, L-glutamate, and L-proline, and it can be converted into glucose and glycogen if needed. In large doses, L-arginine also stimulates the release of the hormones growth hormone and prolactin. Arginine is a known inducer of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) and is responsible for inducing protein synthesis through the mTOR pathway. mTOR inhibition by rapamycin partially reduces arginine-induced protein synthesis (PMID: 20841502  ). Catabolic disease states such as sepsis, injury, and cancer cause an increase in arginine utilization, which can exceed normal body production, leading to arginine depletion. Arginine also activates AMP kinase (AMPK) which then stimulates skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation and muscle glucose uptake, thereby increasing insulin secretion by pancreatic beta-cells (PMID: 21311355  ). Arginine is found in plant and animal proteins, such as dairy products, meat, poultry, fish, and nuts. The ratio of L-arginine to lysine is also important: soy and other plant proteins have more L-arginine than animal sources of protein. Arginine is one of the amino acids that are known in cannabis plant (PMID: 6991645 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2R)-2-Amino-5-(carbamimidamido)pentanoic acidChEBI
(2R)-2-Amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acidChEBI
(R)-2-Amino-5-guanidinopentanoic acidChEBI
D-2-Amino-5-guanidinovaleric acidChEBI
D-ArgininChEBI
DARChEBI
(2R)-2-Amino-5-(carbamimidamido)pentanoateGenerator
(2R)-2-Amino-5-guanidinopentanoateGenerator
(R)-2-Amino-5-guanidinopentanoateGenerator
D-2-Amino-5-guanidinovalerateGenerator
Chemical FormulaC6H14N4O2
Average Molecular Weight174.2
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight174.1117
IUPAC Name(2R)-2-amino-5-carbamimidamidopentanoic acid
Traditional NameD-arginine
CAS Registry Number157-06-2
SMILES
N[C@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H14N4O2/c7-4(5(11)12)2-1-3-10-6(8)9/h4H,1-3,7H2,(H,11,12)(H4,8,9,10)/t4-/m1/s1
InChI KeyODKSFYDXXFIFQN-SCSAIBSYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as d-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the D-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentD-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • D-alpha-amino acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Guanidine
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboximidamide
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point260 °CWikipedia
Boiling Point368 °CWikipedia
Water Solubility14.87 g/100 mL at 20 °CWikipedia
logP0.0Wikipedia
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-3.5ALOGPS
logP-3.2ChemAxon
logS-1.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.41ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)12.41ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area125.22 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity53.92 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability18.04 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSArginine, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dl-9100000000-60db59de76b9a9b5bfc8Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSArginine, 1 TMS, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dl-9510000000-a5f3be057956f5efb0fdSpectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-1900000000-a1207a353a5d383e8118Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-9000000000-38faac95afc81e981a08Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-9000000000-776b9e0f6bf6a0ddf5baSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-1900000000-0627028bdd33e89ac545Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03mi-8900000000-d00d08306af5359ec3dcSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-9000000000-09fdbc63550a3fe95638Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00e9-2900000000-4f23a56d70e700301134Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-053r-7900000000-02e7df28226010832ffeSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-435f29993f2aaceb0d44Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
Pathways
Pathways
Protein Targets
Enzymes
Protein NameGene NameLocusUniprot IDDetails
D-amino-acid oxidaseDAO12q24P14920 details
TransportersNot Available
Metal BindingsNot Available
ReceptorsNot Available
Transcriptional FactorsNot Available
Concentrations Data
Cannabis CultivarStatusValueReferenceDetails
Alien DawgDetected and Quantified45.4 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
GabriolaDetected and Quantified27.4 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
Island HoneyDetected and Quantified35.1 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
QuadraDetected and Quantified26.3 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
Sensi StarDetected and Quantified19.9 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
Tangerine DreamDetected and Quantified26.7 mg/g dry wt
    • Jiamin Zheng, Yil...
details
HMDB IDHMDB0003416
DrugBank IDDB04027
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023167
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID64224
KEGG Compound IDC00792
BioCyc IDCPD-220
BiGG ID36012
Wikipedia LinkArginine
METLIN ID6924
PubChem Compound71070
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15816
References
General References
  1. Turner CE, Elsohly MA, Boeren EG: Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVII. A review of the natural constituents. J Nat Prod. 1980 Mar-Apr;43(2):169-234. doi: 10.1021/np50008a001. [PubMed:6991645 ]
  2. Bauchart-Thevret C, Cui L, Wu G, Burrin DG: Arginine-induced stimulation of protein synthesis and survival in IPEC-J2 cells is mediated by mTOR but not nitric oxide. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Dec;299(6):E899-909. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00068.2010. Epub 2010 Sep 14. [PubMed:20841502 ]
  3. Linden KC, Wadley GD, Garnham AP, McConell GK: Effect of l-arginine infusion on glucose disposal during exercise in humans. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Sep;43(9):1626-34. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318212a317. [PubMed:21311355 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in D-amino-acid oxidase activity
Specific function:
Regulates the level of the neuromodulator D-serine in the brain. Has high activity towards D-DOPA and contributes to dopamine synthesis. Could act as a detoxifying agent which removes D-amino acids accumulated during aging. Acts on a variety of D-amino acids with a preference for those having small hydrophobic side chains followed by those bearing polar, aromatic, and basic groups. Does not act on acidic amino acids.
Gene Name:
DAO
Uniprot ID:
P14920
Molecular weight:
39473.75